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This section contains the most relevant information for those who are just starting in underwater photography or those advancing.  The site is dedicated to compact cameras so most of the information is targeted at getting the results from these.  

Over time we will have more information and tips to getting the best results from your camera in the harshest of conditions for photography...

Want to take your camera to 40 meters?  Want to start exploring underwater photography?  Buying an underwater housing for your camera is the start of this journey.  Many companies such as Canon and Olympus actually sell underwater housings for their top selling cameras.  There are also a number of third party case manufacturers such as Ikelite and Sea and Sea.

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Raw vs JPEG

JPEGs are a compressed file format that is the most widely used and transferable image format.  It is so popular as it is small and easily portable.  JPEG files though are called a 'lossy' format though.  They are called this as the JPEG file will slowly degrade in quality the more it is edited and saved.  A RAW image though is exactly that.  It is an exact copy of what the sensor of the camera detected at the time the image was taken. This means that the image data is stored fully allowing for later processing to be completed without degrading the images.

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Light Absorbtion at Depth

Underwater photography is much the same as land photography; that is, it is the art of capturing the light onto the sensor.  The issue with underwater photography is that light behaves very differently underwater than on land.  The major factors effecting the light are refraction and absorption.

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I have to admit that I am rather obsessed with having the correct camera buoyancy.  I have spent considerable time just trying to get the rig right.  The three main benefits of this is Good Handling, Safety & Expense 

I even made my own modular system from Divinycell 80.  A material made in yacht building that does not compress until 80m.  This is very helpful as it maintains its buoyancy at depth, basic foam does compress and as a result, your rig will become progressively more negative at depth.  I now though use INON float arms and Stix arms to achieve the same result.

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INON Wet Lens

 

One of the major drawbacks of a compact camera is the size of the lens compared to DSLRs.  The DSLRs get around this by the large array of lenses that are attachable to the camera from Super wide angle to Macro lenses allow the user to get sharp images.  One of the key fundamental requirements of underwater photography is 'get closer' to the subject to remove excess water between the subject and lens.  Compact cameras though are designed primarily for land shots, anything from one meter to infinite is the lenses typical sweet spot, not 10cm away.  

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Have you just learned to dive or snorkel, have you just found the beauty of the underwater world?  Do you want to get some quick snaps for yourself or to share with friends and family?  Waterproof camera could be just the answer for you.

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White Balance

For years I used only a camera and housing for underwater photography.  I managed to get some fantastic results.  This was possible by using manual white balance.  White balance is available on all modern cameras now and are easy to use.

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Tired of having a negative rig that is hard to control underwater?  There are many good reasons for having a neutral/slightly negative rig.  If like myself you do not have an endless supply of money to keep buying equipment to try and get the right balance or little access to a pool you need to find out your starting point.  

By understanding the exact weight of your camera rig underwater you can then work out what best to do next.  

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SD Mount Cage for GoPro

GoPro® HERO3 / HERO3+/Hero 4 is ultra compact and high quality video camera capturing dominant market share in wearable camera segment thanks to wide range of accessories and handy video editing application “GoPro® Studio” in addition to camera’s performance.

However, when we bring GoPro® camera underwater, angle of view narrows down dramatically due to different refraction ratio and subjects in close range (within approx. 60cm/2ft) are out of focus since GoPro® camera is a deep focus camera (fixed focal length) which prevents it from using for macro imaging.

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